Medical Power of Attorney Forms
A Medical Power of Attorney form, a specific type of advance directive, is a binding legal document that allows a person to transfer authority over their healthcare matters to another person. This typically happens when an individual anticipates they will not be able to make rational decisions regarding their healthcare with a sound mind.
Steps Involved In Creating A Medical Power of Attorney
1. Choosing a health care proxy
Choosing a trustworthy agent is paramount when creating an MPOA form. You must choose someone who knows your health history and has your best interests at heart. With such high stakes, it is not surprising that most people appoint immediate family, namely their spouse or children, as their health care agents. Another alternative is to appoint multiple health care agents.
Before signing any official documents, have a clear conversation with your agent about your healthcare wishes. Make sure your agent is also willing to make tough decisions for you.
2. Acquire the form
You can use our MPOA generator to start your document, which gives you a printable template to work from. But, before filing the document, ensure it is in PDF, DOC, or ODT format in order for it to be valid in your state.
3. Specify powers to be undertaken by the agent
As you are already aware, you will need to chalk out all the areas of control you are ready to relinquish to your agent. This could be hyper-specific instructions such as your preferred drugs or medications or broader instructions about after-life care. Be as specific about your treatment as possible.
As the principal, you also need to specify the time you want the MPOA to become effective. When this time comes, the agent will have the power to start taking charge of your medical matters.
Since the stakes are much higher with an MPOA than with a financial POA, ensure you enlist an alternate agent as a backup should the primary agent refuse to make decisions on your behalf. Choose someone who can make a tough call, even in the face of emotional stressors.
4. Proper signage
Comply with your state’s requirements for the proper signage of your MPOA. Most states need notarization and one or two witnesses for the MPOA to be valid. Check the table below for more details.
5. Storing the MPOA
Store this form in a safe place and make copies. Apart from you, someone trusted should also know that the MPOA exists and where it is stored.